Nectar Sources - Flowers
Pearly Everlasting - Anaphalis margaritacea
Aster species - Aster chilensis, A. subspicatum
Red Columbine - Aquilegia formosa
Camas spp.- Camassia quamash, C. leitchtlinii
Paintbrush - Catillejia hispidula, C. miniata
Fireweed - Epilobium angustifolium
Strawberry spp. - Fragaria chiloensis, F. vesca
Coral bells - Heuchera micrantha
Farewell-to-spring - Clarkia amoena
Blanketflower - Gaillardia aristata
Menzie's Delphinium - Delphinium menziesii
Nodding Onion - Allium cerrnuum
Lupin - Lupinus polyphyllus
Paintbrush - Catillejia hispidula, C. miniata.
Penstemon - Penstemon spp.
Spreading phlox - Phlox diffusa.
Goatsbeard - Aruncus diocusa
Henderson's checkermallow - Sidelcea hendersonii
Monkeyflower - Mimulus guttatus, M. lewisii
Sedum spp. - Sedum spathulifolium, S. oreganum, S. lanceolatum
Violet spp. - Viola adunca, V. glabella, V. praemorsa
Western Yarrow - Achillea millifolium
Wooly Sunflower. - Eriophyllum lanatum
Remember to choose flowers with many flower heads and numerous small florets, such as Yarrow and Wooly Sunflower. Many pollinators, including butterflies, can perch on these flowers and drink the sweet nectar. Also include late season bloomers such as Aster and Goldenrod, to ensure something is in bloom in every season.
Nectar Sources - Trees and Shrubs
Although they can be overlooked because they are largely used as frames for the garden design, trees and shrubs can bring in native pollinators quickly. Because of their larger size, many creatures can use them for habitat. Also, they can often produce much more nectar for pollinators than say, a lone flower could on a garden plant. It is not common to think that there are no pollinators around, when all you have is to look up and find your flowering tree abuuz with bees and other good pollinators above.
Vine Mape - Acer circinatum
Bittercherry - Prunus emarginata
Chokecherry - Prunus virginiana
Black Hawthorne - Crataegus douglasii
Pacific crabapple- Malus fusca
Arctostaphylos - (Manzanita, Kinnikinnik)
Oregon Grape - Mahonia aquilifolium, M. nervosa
Mock Orange - Philadelphus lewisii
Currants - Ribes sanguineum
Rhododendrons - Rhododendron macrophyllum, R. occidentale
Rubus spp. (Salmonberry, Thimbleberry) - Rubus spectabilis, R. parviflorus
Elderberry - Sambucus cerulea, S. racemosa
Spirea - Spirea douglasii
Vaccinium species (huckleberry) - Vaccinium ovatum, V. ovalifolium, V. alaskense
Willows - Salix spp.